Plus500 does not provide CFD services to residents of the United States. Visit our U.S. website at

A Guide to Brent Oil Trading Strategies

Date Modified: 18/06/2024

Learning about Brent oil trading strategies is a must step to take before venturing into the volatile and challenging world of Brent oil trading. Even the most experienced traders grapple with the risk of loss and adjusting their trading strategies for Brent oil (EB) due to numerous factors influencing it, including wild fluctuations in the price of crude oil and uncertainty.

By understanding how to start Brent trading through a blend of Brent oil trading strategies grounded in technical analysis and fundamental analysis, Brent oil traders may improve their ability to manoeuvre through different types of trading markets offered at Plus500. In this guide to Brent oil trading strategies, readers who want to get exposed to Brent oil CFD trading will learn about the following nuances:

  • What is a Brent oil trading strategy, and how can technical and fundamental analysis of Brent oil help traders
  • The various trading types and how each type caters to different Brent oil trader profiles and time horizons
  • Examples of simple and advanced Brent oil strategies used by retail and corporate players to benefit from price moves
  • The challenges and risks of Brent oil trading and what risk management techniques may be taken to alleviate them
Brent crude barrel

What Are Brent Oil Trading Strategies

Brent oil (EB) is among the most traded commodities in the world due to its constant liquidity, market participation, and exposure. This makes it an attractive option for various Brent oil trading strategies revolving around rule-based energy and commodity trading strategies.

Brent oil trading strategies aim to capitalise on the volatility of oil market trends through instruments like futures contracts, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), and Brent oil contracts for difference (CFDs). Brent oil commodity CFD trading involves speculating on price action without owning the underlying asset.

Retail traders can trade Brent oil CFDs if they have a Brent crude oil trading strategy and access to the financial markets via a CFD broker trading platform. The Plus500 Brent oil CFD can be traded under the symbol EB 24 hours a day, five days a week.

Brent Oil Strategies for Trading

Generally, the Brent oil market moves based on supply and demand fundamentals, technical factors, and market sentiment. All these factors can significantly affect the price of this type of crude oil. However, many other factors that move Brent crude prices are also critical when building a successful trading strategy.

To trade Brent oil properly, traders must develop an effective trading strategy that at least combines Brent oil technical and fundamental analysis while they consider their trading style.

The difference between technical and fundamental analysis

Brent Oil Technical Analysis

Brent oil technical analysis is a trading technique used to analyse trends and Brent oil candlestick chart patterns detected in the commodity’s price with the aim of composing a Brent oil forecast. It is also commonly applied for oil price forecasts in WTI crude oil trading and other markets. Brent oil technical analysis today remains the same as in the past: it is a way to trade Brent oil price movements.

Common technical indicators used for Brent oil technical analysis include trend lines, moving averages, support and resistance levels, crude oil price chart patterns, and momentum and volume indicators. Brent oil technical indicators can also help with identifying potential entry and exit points, managing risk and building Brent oil strategies for trading.

While Brent oil technical indicators may help, Brent oil analysis and trading remain complex and volatile. Professional traders may manage risk by combining technical analysis of Brent crude oil price charts with fundamental trading strategies. In fact, Brent oil fundamental and technical analysis may complement each other well.

Brent Oil Fundamental Analysis

Brent oil fundamental analysis looks into economic indicators, geopolitical events, and supply and demand factors instead of focusing on commodity trading basics like chart patterns. Some of the fundamentals include supply and demand for crude oil, OPEC energy policy announcements, the value of the US Dollar (Dollar Index), and political instability, all of which may influence Brent oil prices.

Brent oil fundamental traders typically use a buy-and-hold strategy rather than engage in short-term trading. Such strategies utilise the long-term benchmark for oil prices to make oil demand and supply predictions. However, events like the Energy Information Administration (EIA) report may be used as they impact oil prices, creating short-term trading opportunities.

In fact, a February 2024 study from Ursa Space, a US-based intelligence company providing satellite-derived data on global oil inventories, found a strong negative correlation between global oil inventories and Brent crude oil futures markets.

On the one hand, Brent oil fundamentals analysis may contribute to the volatility of oil prices, help identify the factors of demand and supply of oil and help explain Brent oil price chart patterns. On the other hand, Brent oil charts can confirm fundamental assumptions. Still, before starting to trade Brent oil or developing Brent oil trading strategies, one must consider different trading types based on the trader's timeframe and goals.

Brent Oil Trading Types

Market participants can engage in different trades in the Brent oil market based on their goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon: their trading type. What types of traders are there? There are five main trading types in Brent oil: day trading, scalping, swing trading, momentum trading, and position trading.

Brent Oil Day Trading

Brent oil day trading involves an oil CFD trading strategy. It is about buying or selling the commodity on the same day to profit or lose from short-term price changes. This is typically one of the riskiest day trading crude oil trading types.

A day-trading crude oil strategy involves no overnight positions. As such, traders may frequently monitor the crude oil market and rely largely on Brent oil technical trading.

Brent Oil Swing Trading

Brent oil swing trading involves identifying short and medium-term price fluctuations. The strategy is used by traders to buy low and sell high with a horizon of a few days to weeks. Due to the timespan swing trading revolves around, Brent crude oil swing traders are not required to constantly monitor the Brent markets as they would do using an intraday Brent oil or swing Brent oil strategy.

Brent Oil Momentum Trading

Brent oil momentum trading revolves around predicting momentum to enter or exit a trade at the right time. Momentum-based strategies aim to profit or lose from existing trends by buying rising Brent prices and selling falling ones.

Brent Oil Position Trading

Brent oil position trading focuses on long-term price shifts in the broader commodity and energy trading markets. Crude oil traders can hold positions for weeks to years and occasionally monitor major trends.

Oil trading strategies illustration.

Brent crude oil traders with little or no experience may learn to trade different trading types. By analysing fundamental and technical factors influencing Brent oil, they can determine their preferred strategy type and develop a solid understanding of how to start trading it. Because Brent crude oil prices are highly volatile, it is crucial to test an effective strategy before trading, starting with simple trading strategies.

Simple Trading Strategies for Brent Crude Oil

From a definition standpoint, there are two types of Brent oil trading strategies: risk hedging and speculation.

Brent oil hedging—discussed later—involves taking long and short positions in Brent oil CFDs to offset potential losses from adverse oil price movements. This CFD hedging strategy is pivotal in managing energy and commodity trading risks. In contrast, Brent oil speculation refers to a high-risk trading method that carries a high degree of losing value while also holding the potential to gain value.

In a broader context, some simple Brent oil trading strategies include:

  • Buy and hold
  • Spread trading
  • Volatility trading
  • Breakout trading
  • Mean reversion

Like swing strategies for crude oil, a buy-low sell-high Brent oil strategy may help capitalise on price volatility but also lead to losses. Let’s dive into a buy-low sell-high strategy.

Buy Low Sell High Brent Oil Strategy

The "buy-low, sell-high" strategy is a market-timing Brent oil strategy that aims to buy Brent oil when it is undervalued or oversold and sell it when it is overvalued or overbought.

This Brent oil strategy may use the RSI technical indicator to identify potential reversals at highs and lows, making it a viable tool for those looking to trade oil. When the RSI (14) reaches overbought (above 80) or oversold territory (below 20), these could act as Brent oil trading signals to buy or sell. The same trading technique may be used for WTI crude oil trading.

The Brent oil price must be at its lowest or highest over the last 50 days/bars as a conditional filter. Based on this strategy's prerequisites, Brent oil traders may enter a short or long position when there is directional movement and the RSI has exited extreme territory.

Although Brent oil traders may develop trading oil strategies using technical indicators such as moving averages, the business cycle, and consumer sentiment, some trading strategy types are more advanced.

Advanced Brent Oil Trading Strategies

Different trading strategies, such as Brent oil mean reversion, volatility trading strategies and momentum trading strategies, are all simple trading strategies. However, they can become more advanced based on the rules and Brent crude oil indicators utilised in the strategy. Some of the most commonly known advanced Brent oil trading strategies include Brent oil arbitrage, long hedge and short hedge, and algorithmic trading, just to name a few. Let’s explore them.

Brent Oil Arbitrage Trading Strategy

Brent oil arbitrage strategies aim to profit from temporary mispricings between Brent prices traded on different exchanges. However, they may also lead to losses. Brent oil arbitrageurs move prices towards market efficiency by identifying and exploiting mispricings. Due to competition, arbitrage offers only short-lived trading opportunities.

Common arbitrage strategies include Brent calendar spread arbitrage, which exploits time-based differences in futures contracts, and price spread arbitrage. A well-known Brent oil spread trading strategy is the WTI-Brent spread strategy, which utilises both types of oil benchmarks.

WTI and Brent Spread Trading Strategy

The WTI Brent spread trading strategy involves taking long or short positions on the spread between Brent and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil prices - the price difference of Brent oil vs WTI. The spread is calculated by subtracting the WTI crude price from the Brent crude price.

An example of a Brent and WTI crude oil spread strategy uses the 20-day moving average (MA). This strategy assumes a short position when the spread is above the MA and a long position below it. Since the spread between the two oils is mean-reverting, as there is a relationship between oil prices (both are types of commodity markets), it revolves around the presumption that the spread will revert to its average value.

The Brent-WTI spread points to supply imbalances between European and US oil, though arbitrage eventually helps balance out prices. In fact, a 2018 JPMorgan (JPM) Center for Commodities study investigating technical analysis showed that the Brent-WTI crude oil spread was the most predictable and profitable strategy among other pairings. This means that understanding both benchmarks for oil trading is important.

Brent Oil Hedging Trading Strategy

Brent oil hedging strategies can help protect investors from adverse price movements and mitigate risk. It involves taking offsetting positions in Brent oil CFDs to reduce exposure rather than making profits from price changes. A simple Brent oil hedge involves taking short and long Brent oil positions at the same or different times or using correlated assets.

Major oil producers also use techniques of hedging Brent oil to mitigate price risk and reduce uncertainty, including hedging all types of crude oil traded. Producer Brent crude oil hedging strategies use futures contracts to hedge against volatile oil prices by locking in a future price for Brent oil production. Brent oil volatility refers to the expected change in oil prices over time. Higher oil volatility means prices are expected to have larger swings.

This type of producer risk hedging involves selling a Brent futures contract for the month the production occurs. When the contract expires, if the futures price ends up higher, the producer gains from the contract and offsets their lower production revenue, and vice versa.

Hedging oil prices helps with the reduction of North Sea Brent crude price volatility, manage risks and increase market liquidity. Major oil companies trading oil and gas, like Shell, Cairn Energy, and BP (BP-L), hedge oil risk hedging for North Sea Brent crude oil, including short and long oil hedges.

Interestingly, a 2020 paper published by Energy Economics found volatility connectedness and hedging strategy possibilities between Brent oil and other instruments. To start trading oil, one needs a broad understanding of what oil trading involves, not just Brent oil futures trading strategies or keeping an eye on OPEC.

Brent Oil Algorithmic Trading Strategy

Brent oil algorithmic trading involves buying and selling Brent oil using computer algorithms. They are designed based on predefined rules and sometimes involve advanced or basic trading patterns. Algorithmic trading allows advanced traders to exploit Brent crude oil price movements systematically by capitalising on spot prices' bearish or bullish trends. However, they may lead to losses. Key components of an algorithmic oil trading system include data feeds, risk management tools, and order execution capabilities.

Different types of trading strategies use algorithms, one of which is high-frequency (HD) trading. HF trading relies on high-speed computers to execute crude oil trades in milliseconds. Although HF Brent oil trading is common in other markets, it is not as significant in energy and commodities markets as higher liquidity requirements place limits. However, extreme robo-herding, when humans and algorithms follow the actions of others without independent analysis or thinking, may distort markets and cause volatility. Examples of robo-herding include November 2021, when Brent oil markets dropped 12 following news of a novel Covid variant outbreak after reaching a 7-year high.

Tools like technical analysis, algorithmic trading systems, and CFD hedging techniques may help traders manage risk and make informed trading decisions. However, challenges and risks remain in Brent oil trading.

Brent Oil Trading Challenges and Risk Management

Trading Brent oil, which is energy commodity trading, involves many challenges and risks, not just the tough part of devising commodity and energy price forecasts. Risks range, with the top six being:

  1. Price volatility
  2. Counterparty risk
  3. Supply chain disruptions
  4. Liquidity risk
  5. Operational risk
  6. Market risks

Market risks represent a substantial part of the overall risk of energy companies, mainly through future price movements, trading volumes, and liquidity. For retail traders, leverage is the biggest risk when trading Brent oil CFDs, as it can amplify gains and losses.

Key factors like weather and geopolitical events may also influence prices.

However, energy trading and investing come with some crude oil tips for market participants. Energy traders may mitigate some oil investment risks by hedging strategies for Brent oil, risk diversification, and proper risk management through stop-loss orders and position sizing. For example, it was revealed that Brent oil traders can use crude oil futures contracts to hedge a position against commodity price risk.

Building a Brent crude oil strategy, whether a hedging strategy or not, requires continuous practice, knowledge of technical analysis, risk management, and compliance with trading rules. Importantly, a commodity trader must be able to customise his/her Brent oil trading strategies based on current prices, market conditions, and volatility while always considering global oil supply and demand trends.

Although a rules-based strategy may help, a 2018 study published in the Economic, Finance Business & Industry Journals showed that rules in trading may not perform consistently.


As traders arise from the depths of Brent market analysis and solid trading strategy formation, it is vital to remember that trading Brent oil is not just about strategies but also execution, adaptation, and capital protection. Whether day trading Brent oil or taking a longer-term position, traders may prioritise risk management while staying on top of industry trends, news and market insights, and strategy evaluation.

Before starting to trade Brent oil, one better explore uncommon and popular Brent oil trading strategies to properly prepare and plan trading accordingly. The key to developing or utilising solid Brent oil trading strategies may still lie in a deeper understanding of the dynamic market's undercurrents and employing disciplined risk management to safeguard one's capital.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

How do Brent trading strategies affect oil prices?

Brent trading strategies may affect crude oil markets by influencing volatility, which may affect the price of oil.

How do Brent technical indicators help traders make trading decisions?

Technical indicators, be it momentum or volatility technical indicators, provide traders with insights into Brent oil price movement patterns and market trends, aiding in making informed trading decisions in the Brent crude oil market.

How important is fundamental analysis in Brent oil trading?

Fundamental analysis plays a crucial role in assessing the intrinsic value of Brent crude oil. It analyses factors like supply and demand for oil, longer-term business cycle trends, and weekly inventories.

How many types of traders are there?

There are about as many trading styles as there are trading types, including intraday traders, swing traders, arbitrageurs, positional traders, options traders, money flow traders, event-based traders, high-frequency traders, and quantitative traders.

How to become an energy trader?

To start energy trading, one has to be educated, choose a reliable brokerage, open a trading account, develop a trading plan, and practise with a demo CFD account before trading energy futures with real money.

What is hedging in trading Brent oil?

A Brent oil hedging strategy involves opening positions in both long and short directions of Brent oil prices to limit exposure to market volatility. Oil majors use it as a preferred energy trading and risk management technique.

Related News & Market Insights

Get more from Plus500

Expand your knowledge

Learn insights through informative videos, webinars, articles, and guides with our comprehensive Trading Academy.

Explore our +Insights

Discover what’s trending in and outside of Plus500.

Stay up-to-date

Never miss a beat with the latest News & Markets Insights on major market events.

Need Help?
24/7 Support