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Bitcoin Halving 2024: All you need to know

Date Modified: 27/05/2024

Given Bitcoin’s status as one of the most important and leading Cryptocurrencies, traders and market watchers may want to keep track of any events that could shift Bitcoin's price and cause potential volatility in the markets in general, and the Cryptocurrency market, in particular. One of the most anticipated and influential events that should probably be kept in mind is the Bitcoin Halving.

Since its creation in 2009, there have been Halvings (or Halvenings) that impacted the price of Bitcoin. The last Bitcoin Halving took place on April 19, 2024, while the next Bitcoin Halving is expected to take place in April 2028.

These Halving events not only affect the price of Bitcoin and other Cryptocurrencies but also have a direct impact on Bitcoin miners. Here’s what you need to know about the Bitcoin Halving, how the last Halving shifted the markets, and what it meant for miners:

An illustration of Cryptocurrency halving


  • Bitcoin Halvings are when Bitcoin production is cut in half.
  • As of 2024, Bitcoin has been halved 4 times before.
  • The last Bitcoin Halving took place on April 19, 2024, and the next one is expected to take place in April 2028.
  • Bitcoin Halvings can affect the markets, Bitcoin prices and production, and the income of miners.
  • Following the latest Halving on April 19, 2024, miners’ rewards dropped to 3.125 (from the previous 6.25).
  • Understanding the Bitcoin Network: Bitcoin Mining Explained

    To understand the definition of Bitcoin Halving, it is important to know how the Bitcoin network operates. Bitcoin operates through a decentralised system known as blockchain, which validates and records transactions. This enables individuals to exchange digital currency (Bitcoins) directly, eliminating the requirement for a central entity (like it would be needed in fiat money/cash transactions).

    In addition, Bitcoins are mined, which means that people (miners) use computers to solve difficult math problems in order to validate Bitcoin transactions and increase network security. When a problem is solved, the miners who solved it earn new Bitcoins as a prize, and new Bitcoins are generated. As such, when Halving events happen, Bitcoin mining is directly affected. To understand how Bitcoin functions better, read our article on "How Bitcoin Works".

    What Is the Bitcoin Halving and How Does It Work?

    In simple terms, Bitcoin (BTC) Halving refers to the event that happens every 4 years whereby mining new coins is affected and new Bitcoin production is cut in half.

    In other words, when a Halving event occurs, miners receive 50% fewer Bitcoin, for the same amount of effort. The purpose of a Halving event is supply and demand: With less supply, there is greater demand, and thus the value of each Bitcoin is generally expected to increase.

    Why Does the Bitcoin Halving Occur?

    A Bitcoin Halving event can take place in order to mainly ensure the following factors:

    • Inflation Control: Bitcoin is halved to curb the potential inflation within the Bitcoin system. This is because when the production of new Bitcoins is reduced and block rewards are decreased, Bitcoin’s long-term price stability and value are more likely to be retained which helps control price inflation.
    • Scarcity and Controlled Supply: Bitcoin was created with the intent of being a rare and limited Cryptocurrency. As such, when Bitcoins are halved, their availability becomes rarer, which can then affect their value and supply.

    How Does the Bitcoin Halving Affect Bitcoin Trading?

    At face value, a Halving might sound like a negative event for Bitcoin miners; however, for traders and investors, it can come with many positives depending on their goals and positions. While past results cannot indicate future performance, interestingly, in the past Halvings Bitcoin’s price surged and strengthened against the US dollar. Accordingly, for some Bitcoin investors and traders, the Halvings’ effects may have come as welcome news then.

    Here are more factors Bitcoin Halvings can influence:

    • Bitcoin Prices: Halving directly affects Bitcoin prices both in the short and long run. Past Halvings have resulted in an increase in Bitcoin price volatility, hence causing Bitcoin prices to shift. In addition, many market participants refer to Halvings as a potential gauge for Bitcoin prices in the future, hence affecting the price outlook.
    • Market Sentiment: Due to the fact that Bitcoin Halvings can pique many market participants' interest, it can also affect market sentiment (how the market approaches Bitcoin), which in turn affects trading activity.

    Bitcoin Halving Dates: When Did the Previous Bitcoin Halvings Happen?

    As mentioned above, since 2009, there have been 4 separate Bitcoin Halving events. The first time a Bitcoin Halving occurred was on November 28th, 2012. By that year, about 10,500,000 Bitcoin had been mined, each valued at approximately $11 a coin. Within the next year, this value would rise a hundredfold. The next Bitcoin Halving took place on July 9th, 2016, followed by the third Halving on May 11, 2020. Finally, the last Halving took place on April 19, 2024. As for when the next Bitcoin Halving event might take place, many posit that it is expected to occur, in April 2028.

    Here’s an infographic of what happened the last time Bitcoin was halved:

    A timeline of the Bitcoin Halvings

    Does the Bitcoin Halving Have an Impact on the Price of BTC?

    In the aftermath of past Halvings, the price of Bitcoin against the US dollar has appreciated. For instance, after the Halving event of 2012, the price of BTC/USD skyrocketed from around $11 to over $1000 in a single year - an increase of 80 times. After the Halving of 2016, the price of Bitcoin increased again; BTC remained in the $580-700 price range for a couple of months before slowly gaining towards the end of the year to the $900 level.

    It may be interesting to note that following the Halving of May 11, 2020, Bitcoin’s price did not rise immediately as factors like the Coronavirus actually caused it to depreciate. Nonetheless, in July 2020, Bitcoin rose to over $12,000.

    However, it is important to note that the demand for Bitcoin can drastically fluctuate and that the circumstances around each Halving are very different. This means that it is not at all easy to attribute a bullish or bearish price movement to a specific Halving event.

    How Often Does the Bitcoin Split Occur?

    Bitcoin Halvings are scheduled to happen every time 210,000 blocks are mined, which occurs approximately once every four years.

    An image of Bitcoin coins.

    The Pros and Cons of the Bitcoin Halving

    As the price of Bitcoin tends to increase after each Halving, Bitcoin owners generally feel the positive effects; the value of their holdings generally increases.

    Halving events tend to be a good thing for the demand for Bitcoin, as supply drops - this can be considered a catalyst for positive price action for the future of Bitcoin and the other altcoins.

    However, traders must keep in mind that there may be some negative after-effects of the Bitcoin Halving. Some analysts have predicted that other altcoins may suffer as a result of the Halving; after Bitcoin’s bull run in 2019, a lot of the smaller altcoins suffered when their investors turned to Bitcoin.

    There is also the risk that Bitcoin could suffer a big crash if the miners sell off their rewards because of the sudden doubled cost they’ll incur to mine.

    Volatility also tends to occur as a result of a Halving, which can be a pro or a con - generally volatility increases before and after the event. Traders can use volatility to their advantage of course; however, wild price fluctuations also can make it difficult to ascertain a pattern in pricing, which therefore makes it harder to implement a successful trading strategy.

    Bitcoin Halving 2024: What Happened After the Last Bitcoin Halving?

    Previous Halving events led to an upswing in the price of Bitcoin. The first Halving saw BTC’s price jump from $11 to $1,100, the second Halving led to the value of Bitcoin increasing from $600 to $20,000 in 18 months, while the third led to Bitcoin rising from $9,000 to around $30,000. Half an hour following the fourth Halving on April 19, 2024, Bitcoin’s price neared $63,000 and hit over $65,000 the following day.

    However, the circumstances surrounding each Halving may be different and demand for Bitcoin can fluctuate wildly, particularly in light of the coronavirus pandemic, the war in Ukraine, as well as inflation, all of which have proven to be an economic test for even the most “stable” of assets.

    The next Bitcoin Halving event is expected to take place in April, 2028 and investors would have to wait and see how other events going forward may affect its price.

    Chart that shows the impact of Halving events on Bitcoin prices.

    How to Trade the Bitcoin Halving?

    Bitcoin is expensive to buy. If you BUY Bitcoin and the price crashes, you will be stuck with an expensive loss. An alternative to buying Bitcoin would be trading CFDs on Bitcoin, which means you can speculate on the price movement, rather than buying the asset outright. You can also wait for the Halving event to occur and then open either BUY or SELL positions in BTC/USD, depending on which way you believe the pair is moving. Additionally with CFDs, you can trade in both rising or falling markets. If you believe the price of Bitcoin will drop then you can open a SELL position. Alternatively, if you believe the price will be moving up, then you can BUY low and SELL high. Learn more about CFD trading in our “What Is CFD Trading” article and video.

    How Do I Manage the Risks of Trading Bitcoin?

    There are various measures you can employ to manage your risk while trading Bitcoin, including limiting the capital you put into each trade. That can be 10%, 5% or less depending on your trading strategy.

    You can also use risk management tools like the Stop Loss and Take Profit orders that you will find on the Plus500 platform. Stop Loss stops out your trades when the value of the asset falls to, or past, a certain level. Take Profit allows you to close a position when it has accrued a certain level of profit in order to lock in the profits. There is also the Guaranteed Stop order, for which a fee is charged but it guarantees that your position will close at the exact rate you specify.

    Bitcoin screen on the Plus500 platform.

    Illustrative prices.

    How Will the Bitcoin Halving Impact the Crypto Markets?

    In terms of the Crypto market as a whole, Bitcoin tends to be the flag bearer for the wider market. Most of the leading Cryptocurrencies seem to rise when Bitcoin rises for a reasonable time, concluding that altcoins, like Ethereum and Litecoin, and Bitcoin bull periods may be positively correlated. The aphorism “A rising tide lifts all boats” certainly seems to be the case with the altcoins, which have been trading in a bullish trend after each past Halving. While the global economy is in chaos, and almost all assets are suffering as a result, Bitcoin owners may potentially once again reap the rewards of the next Halving. Watch this space and remember you can trade Bitcoin CFDs with Plus500.

    Conclusions and Takeaways

    In conclusion, the next Bitcoin Halving which is expected to happen in April 2028 can be a volatility-inducing event that can shift the overall markets, in general, and the Crypto sector, in particular. Nonetheless, the extent of this event’s effects is yet to be seen.

    *Subject to operator availability.

    Trade Bitcoin (BTCUSD) CFDs with Plus500 today.

    Bitcoin Halving - Frequently Asked Questions:

    When is the next Bitcoin Halving event?

    The next Bitcoin Halving is expected to take place on April, 2028.

    When will the last Bitcoin be mined?

    It is believed that the last Bitcoin to be mined will be in the year 2140.

    What was the price of BTC after Bitcoin halved?

    A day after the last Bitcoin Halving on April 19, Bitcoin prices hit over $65,000 up from the $63,000 the previous day.

    How many Bitcoin Halvings are left?

    Overall, a total of 32 Bitcoin Halvings is set to happen, which leaves 28 more Halvings to come.

    Other Helpful Resources on Bitcoin:

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    Bitcoin FAQ

    Bitcoin is a popular digital currency (also known as a cryptocurrency or Crypto) which was invented in 2009 by an unknown person or group of people using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. It is the original and most widely used cryptocurrency in circulation.

    Unlike prevailing payment methods, which rely on centralised payment processing systems, Bitcoin is powered through a cryptographic peer-to-peer network that does not depend on middlemen such as banks or other financial institutions.

    People who wish to invest in Bitcoin normally need to first setup a digital wallet, i.e. a smartphone or computer-based electronic device that allows users to buy the digital Bitcoins online. It is not possible to short sell digital Bitcoins.

    However, Plus500 provides an alternative easier-to-implement solution in the form of an online app for trading CFDs on Bitcoin (through the BTC/USD pair).

    Transactions on the Plus500 app can be carried out in both directions (Buy or Sell), and a high level of liquidity is ensured through the use of real-time price feeds from major Bitcoin exchanges.

    Plus500's Bitcoin CFDs are available for trading around the clock and on weekends (except for one hour on Sundays).

    Bitcoin and/or Cryptocurrencies, Forex and stocks are 3 different asset classes with different characteristics such as profit-risk, liquidity and volatility ratios. When trading these asset classes in the form of CFDs, the primary difference between them is a matter of leverage.

    Plus500 offers leverage of up to 1:2 for trading Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, meaning any potential profits or losses will be multiplied.

    The leverage available for Forex CFDs is up to 1:30.

    The leverage available for shares CFDs is 1:5.

    To learn more about all the trading instruments available at Plus500, click here.

    Please note that as a CFD trader you do not actually own the underlying asset – Bitcoin, Forex pair or stock – but you are rather trading on their anticipated price change, in the form of a Buy or Sell position.

    We provide a number of trading tools that can be used as part of risk management strategies when trading in volatile markets such as Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.

    You can use the ‘Close at Profit’ order to 'lock in' your potential profits - by automatically closing your trade at a predefined rate.

    You can use the ‘Close at Loss’ order to minimise and prevent further losses - by automatically closing your trade at a predefined rate.

    Another option is to use the ‘Trailing Stop’ order which is designed to protect profits by enabling a position to remain open as long as the price is moving in your favour, however it closes the trade as soon as the price changes direction by a predefined number of pips.

    Note that these stop orders do not guarantee your position will close at the exact price level you have specified. If the price suddenly gaps or slips down or up, at a price beyond your stop level, your position may be closed at the next available price, which can be a different price than the one you have set. This is referred to as 'Slippage'.

    If you wish to ensure that your trade closes at the exact rate you have set without the risk of slippage, you can place a ‘Guaranteed Stop’. This special order is available for an additional fee paid via the Bid/Ask spread.

    To learn more about how you can use Plus500’s risk management tools, click here.

    You can trade Bitcoin CFDs in the following steps:

    1. Log in to Plus500 or create an account.
    2. Search for Bitcoin under Categories > Crypto Currencies or type ‘Bitcoin’ or ‘BTC’ in the search bar.
    3. Check you are aware of Bitcoin’s properties (expiry, overnight fees etc) by clicking on (i).
    4. Enter your preferred trading amount.
    5. Consider placing stop orders: Close at Profit, Close at Loss, Guaranteed Stop and/or Trailing Stop.
    6. Open a Buy or Sell position based on your anticipation of Bitcoin’s price movement.
    7. Navigate to the Open Positions screen to follow your trade’s P&L (Profit & Loss). When you wish to close out your trade, simply click on the ‘Close’ button.

    Read more about Cryptocurrency CFDs and Bitcoin in our "How to Buy, Sell and Trade Cryptocurrencies" and "How Bitcoin works" articles.

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