Bitcoin (BTCUSD) was developed by a software developer under the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto in 2008. It was first made available on the market in 2009 and since then, Bitcoin has gone through a remarkable development. Bitcoin depends on a feature called a blockchain which is a public register that records all transactions carried out within the Bitcoin network. The Bitcoin cryptocurrency is only produced and traded electronically. If you want to gain experience trading this crypto, it helps to understand its origins and unique features.
Unlike fiat currencies, such as euros or US dollars, which have supervision from a central bank, Bitcoin isn’t controlled by a single body. Instead, the cryptocurrency relies on a peer-to-peer network, which is a system composed of the computers of all users participating in the network (also known as nodes). This can be compared, for example, with the networks on which file-sharing systems are based.
Bitcoins are created automatically when the computers of the network users perform complex numerical tasks. This process is known as Bitcoin mining. Mining is planned in such a way that, over time, it becomes more and more difficult for users to mine Bitcoins. Additionally, the total number of Bitcoins that can ever be mined is limited to 21 million units. Because of these limitations, Bitcoin is often considered to be reasonably inflation-proof. It is not possible, for instance, for a central bank to issue new bitcoins, which means that the coins that are already in circulation won’t be devalued.
Within the Bitcoin network, transactions are sent quickly and confirmed in a few minutes. Because they are completed on a worldwide network, they are not dependent on their physical location. So it doesn't matter whether someone sends Bitcoins to the nearest city or across the world. Anyone can use Bitcoin because the software can be downloaded and used free of charge.
Cryptocurrencies are secured in an encryption system with two "keys", the public key and the private key. The public key is a unique personal Bitcoin address, which all network participants can view. The private key functions as a type of PIN code that only the respective Bitcoin address owner knows. This key should not be passed on to anyone else and must be kept in a safe place.
Bitcoins are sent to other Bitcoin addresses using seemingly random chains of around 30 characters. While every network participant can see other users’ public addresses, it is not necessarily possible to associate an address with a specific person. It is important to note that a transaction cannot be reversed once it has been verified. After the recipient has accepted the money, it's gone. So, if you accidentally sent it to the wrong address, you usually cannot undo it.
If you want to try buying Bitcoin, you can buy your first coins through various means.
Crypto exchange platforms let you trade fiat currencies such as euros or US dollars for bitcoins or satoshis (the bitcoin alternative to cents). You may also wish to exchange bitcoins for other cryptocurrencies. Since the exchanges’ fees can vary widely, it helps to compare the providers’ terms in advance. You can also look at the exchange’s regulation and its deposit and withdrawal options.
Investors can also buy and sell Bitcoins on online marketplaces. In contrast to the crypto exchanges, marketplace users have to enter and search for offers or trades independently. There are now also various Bitcoin machines worldwide where users can change Bitcoins or exchange them for another digital currency.
It is also an option to purchase bitcoins from private individuals. However, it should be noted that this route is not associated with a high level of security. Therefore, it is often advisable to stick with reputable platforms for buying and selling cryptocurrencies.
Another way to obtain Bitcoins is the already mentioned Bitcoin Mining. You would need to solve a mathematical problem encoded within the blockchain. Numerous attempts are usually necessary to find a “hash” that consists of the transaction data and the information from the current and previous data blocks. Once a suitable hash is finally found, it can be appended to the earlier blocks as a finished data block.
A Bitcoin miner who has found the correct hash receives a reward in the form of bitcoins. However, mining has become very difficult for individuals because it requires a lot of computing power and correspondingly high power consumption. One alternative to personal mining is a mining pool in which several users bundle their computing power.
The most crucial tool for buying and selling Bitcoin is called a “wallet”. A digital wallet works similarly to a bank account, and you can use it to receive, manage and send Bitcoins. Several crypto platforms offer the option of storing bitcoins online. However, it is much safer to transfer purchased coins to your own wallet that you back up regularly.
The buyer copies and pastes the Bitcoin address into his wallet for payment to exchange Bitcoins or use them for purchases. Sometimes, a clickable Bitcoin address or a QR code is given instead, which the user scans with his mobile phone.
Plus500 does not offer Bitcoins for sale. However, if you do not wish to physically own any Bitcoin but you want to trade on the digital currency’s price movements, you can decide to trade bitcoin CFDs. The abbreviation CFD stands for Contract for Difference. With CFDs, the trader does not become the owner of an underlying asset such as Bitcoin. Instead, he or she speculates on the price movement of the underlying asset.
To trade Bitcoin CFDs with Plus500, you can either log in to the platform directly or click the “Start Trading” button from the website to get there. The platform has a search bar where you can type in “Bitcoin”, or you can search for Bitcoin from the instrument list to the left-hand side of the platform. You can also make it more practicable to trade Bitcoin if you add it to your “Favorites”, by clicking on the star in the Bitcoin details section.
After selecting Bitcoin, you will be able to see the conditions of the instrument, including the current Buy and Sell prices offered on the Plus500 platform and the contract expiry date. To open a position, click on the Buy or Sell button next to the relevant price and choose how many units you would like to trade. You can then add a “Close at Profit” or “Close at Loss” to help manage your risk. Your Bitcoin CFD order will appear in the list of active orders in your account.
Underneath is the charting section, where you can choose the display time frame and select the type of chart you wish to view. When you are ready to close a Bitcoin CFD position, click the Close Position button.
Bitcoin has a colourful background as the world’s first cryptocurrency. Trading Bitcoin by using CFDs is one way to take advantage of the crypto’s price movements without having to purchase the asset directly. You should be aware that the value of Bitcoin CFDs is vulnerable to sharp changes due to unexpected events or changes in market sentiments. You should ensure that you fully understand the risks before you start trading.
Subject to operator availability.